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October 2020

Monday, 26 October 2020 00:00

How Can You Sprain Your Ankle?

A sprained ankle is a common type of ankle injury. It occurs when the ligaments that support the ankle gets overstretched or torn. There are many different ways that you could sprain your ankle. Some of the most common instances include slipping while walking downhill, stepping in a hole, turning the foot abruptly while playing a sport, or even putting your weight down on your foot awkwardly. Ankle sprains are classified into various levels of severity, ranging from mild grade 1 sprains where the ligament is only slightly stretched, to severe grade 3 sprains, where the ligament is completely torn. If you believe that you have sprained your ankle, it is strongly recommended that you seek the care of a podiatrist as soon as possible.

Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Eugenio Rivera from Calo Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.

If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bellaire, TX. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Thursday, 22 October 2020 00:00

Why Live with Pain and Numbness in Your Feet?

Suffering from this type of pain? You may have the foot condition known as Morton's neuroma. Morton's neuroma may develop as a result of ill-fitting footwear and existing foot deformities. We can help.

Monday, 19 October 2020 00:00

How Is Gout Diagnosed?

Gout is a type of arthritis that is caused by a buildup of urate crystals in the joints and often affects the joints of the feet. Gout flare ups can be painful and cause inflammation, redness, and swelling. This condition is typically diagnosed by a joint fluid test, where the doctor extracts fluid from the affected joint with a needle and examines it for the presence of urate crystals. Joint infections can cause the same symptoms as gout, so a doctor might also check the fluid for the presence of any bacteria. The doctor can also do a blood test to measure the level of uric acid in the blood or use an ultrasound to search for urate crystals around the joints. If you suspect that you may have gout, please see a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment options.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Eugenio Rivera from Calo Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bellaire, TX. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 12 October 2020 00:00

Where Is the Tarsal Tunnel Located?

The tibial nerve is located in a small tunnel surrounded by tendons in the inner side of the ankle. Tarsal tunnel syndrome can develop when this specific nerve becomes compressed, and is often accompanied by pain and swelling. It may happen as a result of enduring an ankle injury, such as a sprain or fracture, or from having bone spurs. Mild relief may be found when the affected foot is elevated, and it may help to take anti-inflammatory medication. In severe cases, surgery can be a viable option to permanently reduce or eliminate the pain that is associated with this condition. If you have developed this ailment, it is strongly recommended that you speak with a podiatrist who can help you choose the correct treatment option.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Dr. Eugenio Rivera of Calo Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bellaire, TX. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Monday, 05 October 2020 00:00

How Is Ankle Replacement Surgery Performed?

Ankle replacement surgery is a treatment used to replace a damaged ankle joint with a prosthetic. Usually, the patient is put under general anesthesia, so that they are asleep and do not feel pain. Next, the surgeon makes a cut in the front of the ankle, exposing the ankle joint. After gently pushing the tendons, nerves, and blood vessels to the side, the surgeon removes the damaged bone and cartilage. The surgeon removes the damaged parts of the lower end of the shin bone and the top of the foot bone. Then metal parts of the new artificial joint are attached to the cut bony surfaces and a piece of plastic is inserted between them. The surgeon then puts the tendons and nerves back into place and stitches the incision site closed. The ankle is typically immobilized with a splint, cast, or brace while the patient recovers. To learn more about ankle replacement surgery, speak with a podiatrist. 

In certain cases, in which the patient suffers from extreme pain or damage in a joint, joint replacement surgery may be deemed useful. If you have constant pain in a foot joint, consult with Dr. Eugenio Rivera from Calo Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Joint Replacement Surgery?

Over time, joints wear down; this can be exacerbated by diseases and conditions. Joint replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, is when a damaged joint is surgically removed and replaced with a prosthesis. Prostheses, which can be made of ceramic, plastic, or metal, act as joints in lieu of an actual joint. One of the most prevalent causes for joint replacement is arthritis.

Arthritis in the Foot

Arthritis can occur in any joint in the body, including in the feet. Common types of arthritis in the foot are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout. The big toe is usually where arthritis occurs in the foot; this is known as hallux rigidus.

Joint Replacement Surgery in the Foot

The most common form of joint replacement in the foot is a first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint placement. MTP joint replacement surgery is designed to treat hallux rigidus. Surgery is not intensive, and recovery occurs within one to two months after the procedure has been done. Overall, joint replacement surgery is a safe and effective way to treat pain in the joint of the foot.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bellaire, TX. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Joint Replacement Surgery
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