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August 2022

Tuesday, 30 August 2022 00:00

Hard and Soft Corns

Corns are spots that can form on the feet that are made up of thickened skin. Importantly, corns are distinct from warts and calluses. At their core, corns are hard and tough, yet are surrounded by skin that is inflamed. There are three different kinds of corns that may develop on your feet. The first is known as soft corns. This kind of corn primarily develops in between the toes of the feet. They might develop when friction occurs between the toes, typically caused by shoes with a small toe box. Soft corns also tend to be a white color. Soft corns are distinct from hard corns, the second kind of corn. Hard corns tend to develop on the flat, bony areas of the foot. In size, hard corns are both tiny and circular. A hard corn may develop in response to friction along with the inside of ill-fitting shoes. The third kind of corn is known as a seed corn, which can develop on the ball of the feet. Having corns may not seem consequential in some cases, but it is nothing to take lightly. Contact a podiatrist about your corns for treatment options. 

If you have any concerns regarding your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Eugenio Rivera of Calo Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What Are They? and How Do You Get Rid of Them?
Corns can be described as areas of the skin that have thickened to the point of becoming painful or irritating. They are often layers and layers of the skin that have become dry and rough, and are normally smaller than calluses.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as wearing:

  • Well-fitting socks
  • Comfortable shoes that are not tight around your foot
  • Shoes that offer support

Treating Corns
Treatment of corns involves removing the dead skin that has built up in the specific area of the foot. Consult with Our doctor to determine the best treatment option for your case of corns.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bellaire, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 23 August 2022 00:00

What Causes a Tailor’s Bunion?

A tailor’s bunion is defined as a swollen lump that forms on the side of the pinky toe. It is smaller than a normal bunion possibly because of the area it develops in. It can be referred to as a bunionette and can result in the bottom bone of the little toe shifting outward. This bone is called the fifth metatarsal bone and in addition to shifting it may become enlarged. A common cause of a tailor’s bunion is wearing shoes that are too narrow and this may be prevalent among women who frequently wear high heels. People who have an abnormal foot structure may notice this type of bunion also, which may be inherited. Additional reasons can include having loose ligaments in the foot and tight calf muscles. Many patients choose to wear custom-made orthotics that can help to diminish existing pain while cushioning the bunion. If you have developed a tailor’s bunion, it is suggested that you speak with a podiatrist who can determine what the best course of treatment is for you.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. Eugenio Rivera of Calo Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bellaire, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 16 August 2022 00:00

Kohler Disease

Kohler disease, aseptic necrosis of the tarsal bone, or Osteochondrosis of the tarsal bone, are all one in the same. It is a rare condition that affects the tarsal navicular bone in the arch of the foot. The bone becomes compressed, breaks into pieces, and heals and hardens back into bone. Symptoms of this disease include tenderness, swelling, and redness. A limp or abnormal gait can develop in the foot affected with this problem. The exact cause of this condition is not known, but some scientists believe that it might be a result of excessive strain on the tarsal navicular bone or related to blood vessels before the bone is completely hardened. If you have pain in the arch of your foot, it is important to see a podiatrist to have this or any other cause diagnosed and treated.

Some foot conditions may require additional professional care. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Eugenio Rivera of Calo Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Rare Foot Conditions

The majority of foot conditions are common and can be treated by a podiatrist.  Standard diagnostic procedures are generally used to identify specific conditions and treatment can be rendered. A podiatrist also treats rare foot conditions which can be difficult to diagnose and may need extra attention and care. 

There are many rare foot conditions that can affect children. Some of these can include:

  • Freiberg’s disease
  • Kohler’s disease
  • Maffucci syndrome

Freiberg’s disease - This can be seen as a deterioration and flattening of a metatarsal bone that exists in the ball of the foot. It typically affects pre-teen and teenage girls, but can affect anyone at any age. Symptoms that can accompany this can be swelling, stiffness, and the patient may limp. 

Kohler’s disease - This often targets the bone in the arch of the foot and affects younger boys. It can lead to an interruption of the blood supply which ultimately can lead to bone deterioration. The patient may limp or experience tenderness, swelling, and redness.

Maffucci syndrome - This affects the long bones in a child’s foot leading to the development of abnormal bone lesions. They are benign growths and typically develop in early childhood and the bones may be susceptible to breaking. 

A podiatrist can properly diagnose and treat all types of rare foot conditions. If your child is affected by any of these symptoms or conditions, please don’t hesitate to call our office so the correct treatment method can begin.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bellaire, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.
 

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Wednesday, 10 August 2022 00:00

Fascinating Feet

The foot is a fascinating and complicated structure. The entire body is supported by the feet, which consist of 26 bones and numerous tendons, ligaments, and muscles. There are three parts to the foot: the rear, mid, and forefoot. The arch of the foot is instrumental in absorbing the impact that comes from walking and running and acts as a lever that can move the foot. While standing normally, the body is balanced over the center of the foot and this places the greatest amount of stress on the arch. This pressure moves to the heel, which can hold approximately 50% of body weight. Many things naturally happen when walking occurs. The arch and surrounding tissues must absorb the impact as the heel strikes the ground and eventually pushes off as the step is completed. This is typically a smooth and coordinated movement, and any glitches during this process may result in foot pain. Additional stress is put on the ankles and arches with heavy patients, as the entire body works harder while walking. If you would like to know more information about foot structure, please consult with a podiatrist.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Eugenio Rivera from Calo Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bellaire, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 09 August 2022 00:00

Are Bunions Affecting Your Everyday Life?

Have you noticed a bony protrusion on the side of your big toe? If so, you may have developed the foot condition known as a bunion. Don't let bunions interfere with your daily activities.

A common form of ankle pain is called posterior tibial tendonitis. This tendon helps to stabilize the foot and is approximately the thickness of a pencil. It contributes to supporting the foot and maintaining the arch. The common symptoms that are associated with this condition are sharp pains along the inner part of the ankle, stiffness, and the ankle can be sore when touched. People who enjoy running may realize it is almost impossible to pursue, and care is often sought so running can be resumed. Research has shown there are four stages of this type of ankle pain. Tendon damage and inflammation are typical in stage one, and the foot retains its normal shape. In stage two, the arch can flatten, and heel raises will be difficult to perform. The tendon can partially or fully rupture in stages three and four, and this may lead to permanent deformities in the foot and ankle. The recovery process can start with possibly using orthotics in the beginning stages, and stages three and four may require surgery. If you have endured this type of injury, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can effectively treat this condition. 

Ankle pain can be caused by a number of problems and may be potentially serious. If you have ankle pain, consult with Dr. Eugenio Rivera from Calo Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Ankle pain is any condition that causes pain in the ankle. Due to the fact that the ankle consists of tendons, muscles, bones, and ligaments, ankle pain can come from a number of different conditions.

Causes

The most common causes of ankle pain include:

  • Types of arthritis (rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout)
  • Ankle sprains
  • Broken ankles
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Stress fractures
  • Bursitis
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis

Symptoms

Symptoms of ankle injury vary based upon the condition. Pain may include general pain and discomfort, swelling, aching, redness, bruising, burning or stabbing sensations, and/or loss of sensation.

Diagnosis

Due to the wide variety of potential causes of ankle pain, podiatrists will utilize a number of different methods to properly diagnose ankle pain. This can include asking for personal and family medical histories and of any recent injuries. Further diagnosis may include sensation tests, a physical examination, and potentially x-rays or other imaging tests.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are rest, ice packs, keeping pressure off the foot, orthotics and braces, medication for inflammation and pain, and surgery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bellaire, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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